The Kawasaki Bayou 300cc started production in 1988 and remained in it for more than 10 years. Designed for the toughest challenges, it proved itself along the years in various rough terrain. However, some problems have also been reported over the years. Here are the 6 most common issues along with the solutions developed in order to fix them.
1. Engine knocking noise
A sound that nobody wants to hear from an engine is from a piston hitting against the cylinder wall. Metal on metal noise falls into the category of big mechanical trouble, but in the case of the Kawasaki 4-wheelers it’s simpler than that.
It is really common for the rectifiers/regulators to stop working on these machines because of moisture or voltage fluctuations higher than normal (above 14.5 VDC). This can cause the ignition to advance timing and create pre-detonation.
The function of voltage regulators is to convert the AC current generated at the stator coming from the engine into usable DC current which is then used to run accessories and charge the battery. A good test to identify if the regulator is the origin of the problem is to just remove it from the system.
This will make the engine run only on the charge that the battery has at the moment (if done for too long, could drain the battery). If the engine goes back to sounding normal a new voltage regulator should fix the situation.
2. Faulty ignition key switch
With ATV’s having close contact with harsh conditions, it becomes really common for the key switch to fail. Moisture gets trapped inside the switch and damages the internal contacts by rusting the spring that pressures the contacts together. A consequence of this is voltage fluctuation that can burn other components of the electrical system (such as the voltage regulators mentioned above).
If the rust is just starting, contact cleaner can help get rid of it and keeping it clean after that should avoid the problem from ever happening again. One good way to keep key switches always in good condition is to use graffiti grease (just dip the keys in the grease every now and then and put it in the ignition.
On the other hand, if the contacts are too rusty already, the best fix is to just get a new key switch in place. From here, you can choose to pay for an original one or just go ahead with an aftermarket option (this works mostly because there is no electronics involved in it).
3. Low quality exhaust material
It is common for all manufacturers to look for components where they can reduce costs and consequently increase their profit while still fitting the product in a certain market range. One of the components chosen by Kawasaki on the Bayou was the exhaust. The material is thin, making it easy to rust. This can cause vibration because of loose components and consequently excessive noise.
Keeping your ATV clean can help reduce the chances of this happening. Remember to protect metal surfaces with a rust inhibitor after drying them. Also, when rust spots are just starting, it is easy to scrape the area and apply some prime and paint coats as this will prevent the rust from spreading.
Another option would be to look into the aftermarket for slip-on components made out of different materials such as aluminum or carbon fiber, but this game can get costly pretty quick.
4. Excessive tire wear
Some production years of this Kawasaki ATV offered full time 4WD. If you have one of these models, be ready to spend some money on tires (plus labor and balancing costs, if necessary). Because all 4 wheels are constantly looking for grip, and traction causes the tires to wear faster.
All tires are designed for specific situations. This means some tires are made out of softer compounds to offer more grip while wearing out faster, but also that others are made of harder compounds leading to less grip but longer lasting. Best thing to do is to find out which tires last longer and still perform well without compromising your safety. The other option is to watch your throttle inputs as the more aggressive you ride the faster tires will wear.
5. Low power engine
The Bayou 300cc are famous for being low on power and that is ok as we shouldn’t expect too much out of a carbureted 300cc engine anyway. If you live in an area with big hills or intend to use it for hauling heavy loads and maybe plan on plowing snow with it, this Kawasaki might not be your best option.
The more obvious option here is clear: we recommend you to look for a bigger engine ATV. If this is not an option, there are other ways of extracting more power out of an engine. High air flow filters allow for your engine to suck in higher air volume which then brings us to the next step; carburetors can have their jetting improved by replacing needles allowing for more fuel to be drawn in and mixed with the extra air inflow.
The third step would be to replace the stock exhaust – which was designed for the stock air filter and carb – with a new system allowing all that extra air to leave the engine freely.
All of these modifications together should add up for improved throttle response and maybe a few extra ponies. The reality is that this could be too big of an investment which would put you in the ballpark of bigger ATVs prices anyway, so choose wisely.
6. Transmission shifting difficulties
A common problem with the Bayou is difficulty with shifting gears as well as finding neutral. Transmissions can be hard to work on, especially if it requires removing gears and forks – this is generally a full “engine out of frame” job.
This could happen for a couple reasons. First, the reverse cable that connects the lever to the engine case can get stuck. Removing this cable and trying to run the 4-wheeler could reveal where the problem is. If shifting feels normal again, rerouting the cable and replacing it in case of any damage should be all you have to do.
On the other hand, if the cable is not the problem, then it gets a bit more complicated and it will be necessary to check some components such as springs and cams on the shift drum. These components can wear out with time and cause shifting to become problematic.
This little 4-wheeler proved itself worthy of its production long run. It is fun to ride, reliable and will keep going as long as you maintain it. True, it has its issues as we have seen on the list, but the fact is that every machine has some.
The harsh environment these ATVs face every time they are out is responsible for most of it and if you keep yours clean and execute the maintenance within the indicated intervals, you should be able to avoid most of them. For the problems that arise anyway, these tips should help you resolve them; and you will be proud of yourself when it is running again.